Martial Law in the Philippines

and the Late President Ferdinand Marcos

Top 20 History Facts

Martial Law in the Philippines was declared on 23 September 1972 under Proclamation No. 1081 and was officially ended with the Proclamation No. 2045 on 17 January 1981.
  1. The Moro Independence movement which was fuelled by the rise of Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) began during Marcos era in the 1970s.
  2. Time and Newsweek refer to the 1969 election the "dirtiest, most violent and most corrupt" in Philippine modern history, with the term "Three Gs", meaning "guns, goons, and gold which describe Marcos’ election tactics of vote-buying, terrorism and ballot snatching.
  3. As Marcos administration spending was heavily reliant on debt since his first term in the 1960s, the Philippines became very vulnerable when interest rates increased in the 1980s, began to decline and experienced the worst recession in its history in 1984 and 1985.
  4. To support his administration’s construction projects, Marcos began tapping foreign loans, creating a budget deficit 72% higher than the Philippine government's annual deficit from 1961 to 1965.
  5. During Martial Law, there were at least 3257 known extrajudicial killings, 35,000 documented tortures, 77 forced disappearances, and 70,000 incarcerations in the Philippines among other human rights abuses.
  6. Marcos admitted in the 1977 World Peace through law Conference in Manila that "there have been, to our lasting regret, a number of violations of the rights of detainees".
  7. The Marcos Family still denies the thousands of human rights violations committed during the Marcos administration.